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成人高考专升本英语复习资料十五
作者: smile 时间: 3月26日 来源: 转载
河海大学 南京大学 中国传媒大学南广学院
常州工程职业技术学院 苏州工业职业技术学院 江海职业技术学院
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河北高考志愿填报实战攻略
2008高考志愿填报技巧及各院校提档线预测

完型填空

复习方法

在专生本考试中,完型填空占20分,10小题,每小题两分
复习方法:
1. 方法正确;
2. 保证足够的时间(10-15分钟)
主要考察内容:
对短文的理解;相关的词汇和语法知识
做题方法:
首先通读全文  

Passage 1

     Jeans are the most __1__ kind of clothes in the world. They are popular almost __2__, in Japan, France, Indonesia, Canada and Brazil. Rich people and poor people wear them. Young people and even some old people wear them. Why are they popular? Who made the __3__ jeans?
    In 1849 two men discovered gold in California. Men from the __4__ of the United States and other countries hurried there to look for gold, too. These miners needed some __5__ clothes. A young man from Germany __6__ Levi Strauss arrived in California in 1850.
      He went there to sell things to the miners. He saw that the miners needed strong pants, so he began to make __7__. He used cloth __8__ people make tents from. He put rivets (铆钉) on the __9__ to make them strong, because the men put rocks in them. These pants were very strong and could __10__ a long time. The pants became very popular immediately.
1. A. nice            B. unusual     
    C. popular      D. beautiful 
1. 选C   
2. A. every where   B. nowhere    
    C. elsewhere   D. somewhere 
选A   
3. A. popular   B. early 
    C. first          D. latest
选C   
4. A. part                 B. some parts
    C. many parts  D. other parts 
选D   
6.A. name     B. names
   C. named   D. naming
选C   
5. A. soft      B. tough   
    C. kind       D. pretty
选B   
7. A. pants  B. clothes  
    C. it           D. them 
选A   
8.   A. that   B. what  
      C. the      D. those  
选A 
本题如果有which, 也可以选。 
如果本句为He used cloth from_____ 答案就只能选which   
9.A. pants     B. pockets
   C. clothes  D. jeans
选B   
10.  A. wear   B. use   C. wash      D. last   
 A的正确答案为 be worn 
 选D 
涉及到上下文的有7道,涉及到语法的有1道   
 

Passage 2

     If you judge by the number of people who go to see the games and by the number of those who actually play it, basketball is probably the most popular sport in the United States today. It is mainly __1__ indoor game, and the season extends from late fall, through the winter, until early spring. There are many professional teams, but for the most part basketball is a __2__ sport. There is hardly a high school or college in the country __3__ does not have its team and its loyal following of fans.
     In spring and summer, the most popular __4__ is baseball. During the warm weather you can see young men and boys playing this game in any part of the country. Radio and television bring the details of big games to every corner of the land, and the activities of the professional teams are a topic of conversation for Americans __5__.
     In the fall, the most popular sport is football. __6__ you know, this is not the same kind of game that is so popular in other parts of the world. __7__ basketball and baseball, it is typically American, and those who have never seen it before have difficulty __8__ any sense in it. But for most of the spectator (观众)the game itself is not __9__ important as the music, the cheering and the festive spirit that go with it. On a cool, bright autumn afternoon, there is __10__ so colorful and exciting as football game.
不认识的生词一定要划出来
1. A. the          B. a              C. an        D. / 
选C   
2.A. campus         B. company
   C. plant              D. school 
选A   
3. A. who        B. why    
    C. when      D. that
 选D   
4.A. work  B. activity 
   C. games  D. sport
选D   
5.A. anywhere   B. everywhere  
   C. wherever    D. however 
 选B   
6. A. What      B. For    
    C. Like       D. As 
选D   
7. A. Like   B. As     
    C. Alike      D. Similarly
 选A   
8. A. see     B. to see  
    C. seeing    D. saw 
 选C   
9. A. that       B. such       
    C. so      D. most 
 选C   
10. A. anything     B. everything 
      C. something   D. nothing       
.选D 
根据上下文能得到答案的有3道,考语法的有5道   
 

Passage 3

     Today anyone will accept money in exchange for goods and services. People use money to buy food, furniture, books, bicycles and __1__ other things they need or want. When they work, they usually get __2__ in money. Most of the money today is made of metal or paper. But people used to use all kinds of things as money. One of the first kinds of money was shells. Shells were not the __3__ things used. In China, cloth and knives were used, in the Philippine Islands, rice was used as money for a long time. Elephant tusks, monkey tails, and salt were used as money in parts of __4__.
     Cattle was one of the earliest kinds of money. Other animals were used as money, too. The first metal coins were made in China. They were round and had a square hole at the center. People strung (串起)them together and carried them from place to place. Different countries have used __5__ metals and designs for their money. The first coins in England were made __6__ tin. Sweden and Russia used copper to make __7__ money. Later, countries began to make coins of gold and silver.
     But even gold and silver were inconvenient (不方便)if you had to buy something expensive. Again the Chinese thought of a way to improve money. They began to use __8__ money. The first paper money looked more like a personal note from one person to __9__ than the paper money used today. Money has had an interesting __10__ from the days of shell money until today.
文章的第一句话叫主题句
1. A. a hundred      B. hundred of  
    C. hundreds of  D. a hundred of 
选C   
2. A. pay          B. pays    
    C. paying     D. paid 
选D 
be made of  由……构成   
3. A. only     B. early  
    C. most    D. popular
选A     
4. A. Asia     B. Europe  
    C. Africa D. America
选C   
5. A. ordinary    B. average  
    C. various        D. different 
选D     
6. A. of        B. from   
    C. with    D. for 
选A 
make of  物理变化             
make from  化学变化 
make with  迅速拿出或提供     
make for  为谁做什么   
7. A. the    B. it   
    C. their    D. his 
选C   
8.A. stone      B. expense
    C. animal    D. paper
选D   
9. A. another     B. other      
    C. the other   D. others 
选A   
10. A. story               B. history     
       C. experience   D. development     
选B 
涉及到上下文的有4道,涉及到语法的有4道 
 

Passage 4

     Once a group of tourists who were staying at a hotel in Birmingham were having dinner in the restaurant. Fish was brought and while they __1__ it some of them told interesting stories about finding pearls and other valuable things inside fish. 
     An old gentleman, __2__ had listened quietly to their conversation, rose and said: "Ive heard all your stories, and now Ill tell you __3__. When I was a young man I was working in a large importing company in New York. Before long, I __4__ in love with a pretty young girl. Very soon we were engaged. But just two months before our marriage, I was suddenly sent to Birmingham on very important business. I left my sweetheart, __5__ to write to her."
     "I was obliged to staying in Birmingham longer than I had __6__. __7__ last my work was done, and just before I left for home, I bought a beautiful and very expensive diamond ring, intending to give it to my sweetheart."
    "On my way to New York, I was looking through the morning newspaper when I saw an announcement of my sweethearts marriage with another man. This made me so angry __8__ I threw the ring overboard (向船外). A few days __9__ when I was eating a fish, I bit something hard. What do you think __10__?"        
1. A. eat   B. ate   C. had eaten   D. were eating
1. 选D
2. A. who      B. whom        C. that         D. which
2. 选A
3. A. a story   B. one story   C. the story   D. one
3. 选D
4. A. fall       B. fell     C. feel        D. felt
4. 选B                     
 be engaged to sb.  和某人订婚
5. A. agreeing  B. agree  C. promising   D. promise
5. 选C
6. A. seen    B. replied   C. promised   D. expected
6. 选D
7. A. From    B. At       C. In          D. On
7. 选B
8. A. than    B. that    C. as      D. to
8. 选B
9. A. late     B. later   C. latter   D. latest
9. 选B
10. A. is it   B. was it  C. it is     D. it was
10. 选D 涉及到语法的有6道  
 

Passage 5

    Two or three times a week, she had a customer in whom she began to take an interest. He was a __1__ man with glasses and a brown beard. He spoke English with a strong German __2__. His clothes were worn and wrinkled, but he looked neat and had very good manners. He always bought two loaves of stale bread. He never asked for anything __3__ stale bread; it cost a lot less than fresh bread.
    Once Miss Albert __4__ a red and brown stain (污点)on his finger. She was sure __5__ he was an artist and very poor. No doubt he lived in an attic (阁楼),__6__ he painted pictures and ate stale bread and thought of good things to eat in the bakery.
    Often when Miss Albert sat down to her evening meal, she would sigh and wish the artist might share her food __7__ eating his dry bread. One day the customer came in __8__ usual and asked for his stale bread. As the sudden noise of the fire engine made him __9__ to the door, Miss Albert seized her opportunity. She cut each of the loaves with a knife, inserted (塞进)some butter and, when the customer turned round, she __10__ them into a paper bag.      
1. A. middle age  B. middle-age   C. middle-aged   D. middle ages
1. 选C
2. A. wound       B. voice        C. tone           D. accent
2. 选D 
3. A. but          B. although     C. while          D. however
3. 选A
4. A. discovered   B. found   C. inspected    D. noticed
4. 选D
5. A. about        B. of       C. that         D. if
5. 选C 
6. A. which        B. where   C. when         D. whom
6. 选B
7. A. not       B. never          C. in spite of  D. instead of
7. 选D
8. A. as        B. such           C. so          D. much
8. 选A
9. A. hurry     B. to hurry        C. hurrying    D. hurried
9. 选A
10. A. has put  B. had been put  C. put         D. was putting
10. 选D
涉及到语法的有4道,其他的为习惯用语  
 

Passage 6

    A Nobel Prize is one of the most highly regarded international honors a person can receive. These prizes were named __1__ Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist and inventor. The first Nobel Prizes were __2__ in 1901, five years after Nobels death. Many famous people from all over the world have been awarded Nobel Prizes for their __3__. There are five different prizes: three in various sciences, one for literature, and the Peace Prize.
Alfred Nobel became a very wealthy man, as a result of his inventions. He used part of his __4__ to invest in oil and became even more __5__. However, in spite of his great wealth, he was not a happy man. He never married or had children. He died in 1896 and __6__ all his money in a trust fund. This money __7__ by a group of people who run the Nobel Foundation. The Nobel Foundation holds the money and gives the prizes.
    Alfred Nobel became a very wealthy man, as a result of his inventions. He used part of his __4__ to invest in oil and became even more __5__. However, in spite of his great wealth, he was not a happy man. He never married or had children. He died in 1896 and __6__ all his money in a trust fund. This money __7__ by a group of people who run the Nobel Foundation. The Nobel Foundation holds the money and gives the prizes.
    The prizes are awarded by the Nobel Foundation for outstanding achievements every five years. A prize is given in chemistry, physics, medicine or physiology, literature and __8__. Each prize had three __9__. The first part is a gold medal. Second, a winner of a Nobel Prize is given a diploma saying that he has been awarded the prize. The third part is a large __10__ of money.
1. A. with      B. for            C. after     D. to
1. 选C
2. A. won      B. got            C. awarded  D. rewarded
2. 选C
3. A. results   B. achievements  C. progress D. discoveries
3. 选B
4. A. money   B. fame      C. honour    D. success
4. 选A
5. A. worthy  B. wealthy   C. valuable   D. rich
5. 选B
6. A. sent    B. gave      C. handed    D. left
6. 选D
7. A. hold     B. held       C. is held    D. is holding
7. 选C
8. A. maths    B. peace    C. arts     D. economics
8. 选B
9. A. items    B. pieces    C. parts    D. sections
9. 选C
10. A. deal     B. number   C. amount  D. quantity
10. 选C
涉及到上下文的有6道  
 

Passage 7

    Hans Christian Anderson (安徒生)was born in a town in __1__ in 1805. His father was a kind but poor shoemaker. When Hans was a little boy, his father __2__ spend hours telling him stories. His father loved him very much. __3__ for young Hans, his father died soon after, and his mother married again.
    In school Hans was not interested in his lessons. Much of his time __4__ in writing plays and stories. Hans was very unhappy __5__ his teachers and classmates often made fun of him and before long, he left school. A few years later he went __6__. While in London, he met Charles Dickens who, like Hans, had a difficult childhood. After his return from Italy, he wrote a highly successful novel called The Improvisatore, __7__ told of the hard life of a young poet.
    While waiting for the book __8__, Hans wrote four stories for children just to make some money. __9__ his surprise, the public liked his fairy tales better than his novels or poems. Slowly his fame __10__ a writer of childrens stories spread far and wide. When he died in 1875, he was a national hero. In the Kings Garden in Copenhagen, there is a statue of him reading a book. The house where he was born is now a museum. Hans Christian Anderson is like the Ugly Duckling in his fairy story--where after sorrow and hardship, it finally became a swan.     
1.A. England        B. America        C. Denmark      D. Italy
1. 选C
2.A. used to        B. was used to   C. got used to  D. ought to
2. 选A
3.A. Unfortunately  B. Painfully        C. Miserably    D. Sorry
3. 选A
use to do sth./take to do sth./wast sth. on sb.(sth.)
4.A. was taken   B. was used   C. was wasted   D. was spent
4. 选D
5.A. because     B. and          C. since          D. as
5. 选A
6.A. out      B. away     C. abroad    D. off
6. 选C
7.A. it        B. this       C. that      D. which
7. 选D
8.A. to be printed  B. printed  C. printing   D. to print
8. 选A
9.A. In              B. To      C. With      D. By
9. 选B
10.A. from          B. for      C. like       D. as
10. 选D
where=in which
涉及到上下文的有4,6,涉及到语法的有4道  
 

Passage 8

    Vilma likes traveling by bus better than traveling by airplane for four reasons. First, it costs __1__. She can ride by bus from New York to Chicago for $20. Yet, the air fare between the two cities is $28. __2__, traveling by bus gives her a closer look at the cities and countryside than she could get from a plane. For example, she enjoys __3__ through the big cities of Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and Fort Woyne. Third, Vilma finds that __4__ on the bus are often closer to her own age. __5__ they are easy to talk with. In contrast, many airline passengers are __6__ who keep busy with their work while flying. Fourth, riding a bus allows Vilma to explore any stop along the way. __7__, once she got off the bus at a small town in Indiana and __8__ the night with a girl friend. Then, the next day she took __9__ bus to Chicago. For these reasons, Vilma usually prefers buses instead of planes __10__ she has to get somewhere in a hurry.          
第一句,主题句
1.A. much        B. little      C. some         D. less
1. 选D
2.A. So          B. Second   C. But           D. However
2. 选B
3.A. driving      B. to drive   C. being driven  D. driven
3. 选A
4.A. customers  B. guests    C. visitors       D. passengers
4. 选D     
5.A. Similarly     B. After all      C. So            D. Yet
5. 选C
6.A. teachers    B. businessmen  C. reporters     D. workers
6. 选B
explore  探索,探究
7.A. Moreover   B. Therefore  C. thus      D. For instance
7. 选D
8.A. talked      B. slept        C. stopped  D. spent
8. 选D
9.A. the other  B. another   C. one      D. an other
9. 选B
10.A. until        B. when     C. unless    D. because
10. 选C
涉及到上下文的有6道  
 

Passage 9

    Mr. Brown has an umbrella shop in a small town. People sometimes brought him __1__ umbrellas, and then he took __2__ to a big shop in London, __3__ they were mended. Several days later, Mr. Brown went there and got them back.
    A few weeks ago, Mr. Brown went to London by train. He forgot __4__ an umbrella with him that day. Sitting in front of him __5__ a man with an umbrella standing by the seat. When the train arrived in London, Mr. Brown and the man stood up. In a hurry, Mr. Brown picked up the umbrella __6__ he often did during his trip by train. Just as he was getting off, he __7__ by the man, who said angrily, "Thats __8__!" Mr. Brown apologized and gave it back to him.
    Then Mr. Brown went directly to the __9__. The people there had got his six umbrellas ready. After a close look at each of them, he said, "Youve mended them very well."
    In the afternoon he went to the station and got into the train again. The __10__ man was in the same seat. He looked at Mr. Brown and his six umbrellas. "Youve had a good day," he said.        
首先通读全文
第一句话为主题句
1.A. good  B. better  C. best     D. broken
1. 选D
2.A. them  B. it       C. this      D. these
2. 选A
3.A. here  B. where   C. which    D. when
3. 选B
4.A. takes  B. take   C. taking   D. to take
4. 选D
5.A. /      B. is      C. was     D. there
5. 选C 
6.A. as     B. like    C. that     D. for
6. 选A
7.A. called     B. passed    C. was stopped    D. was gone
7. 选C
8.A. you       B. me        C. my               D. mine
8. 选D
9.A. umbrella   B. big shop     C. man     D. city
9. 选B
 10.A. big        B. angry        C. same    D. standing
10. 选C 涉及到上下文的有6道,涉及到语法的有4道  
 

Passage 10

    Almost everyone has some kind of hobby. It may be __1__ from collecting stamps to making model airplanes. Some hobbies are very __2__, but others dont cost anything at all. Some collections are worth a lot of money; others are valuable only to their owners.
    I know a man who has a coin collection worth several thousand dollars. A short time ago he bought a rare fifty-cent piece __3__ 250! He was very happy about his collection and thought the __4__ was reasonable. __5__ the other hand, my younger brother __6__ match boxes. He has almost 600 of them but I doubt if they are worth __7__ money. However, to my brother they are very valuable. Nothing makes him __8__ than to find a new match box for his collection.
    Thats __9__ a hobby means, I think. it is something we like to do in our spare time simply for the __10__ of it.               
1.A. something     B. everything   C. anything     D. nothing
1. 选A
2.A. cheap         B. expensive    C. interesting   D. instructive
2. 选B
3.A. worthy  B. worthless   C. valuable   D. worth
3. 选D
4.A. price    B. piece        C. coin      D. money
4. 选A
5.A. At      B. In            C. By        D. On
5. 选D
6.A. to collect     B. collects  C. collect    D. collecting
6. 选B
7.A. some         B. not       C. any       D. many
7. 选C
8.A. more happy   B. happier   C. happiest  D. happily
8. 选B
9.A. how       B. what     C. which       D. why
9. 选B
10.A. price      B. reason   C. value        D. fun
10. 选D
涉及到上下文有2道,涉及到语法的有4道  
 

Passage 11

    In a big English dictionary there are more than half a million __1__. No one knows or uses all those words -- no one, that it, has __2__ a big vocabulary. By the time a child starts to school he usually knows __3__ 2,000 and 3,000 words. His vocabulary grows. A well-educated grown person may have vocabulary of 50,000 words.
    In the encyclopedia(百科全书), there are about 77,000 different words. Any boy __4__ girl who understands all at least has 77,000 words. Of course, some of the words he can read he would not use __5__ writing or speaking. As a matter of fact, everyone who has learned to read and write has __6__ vocabularies: his speaking vocabulary, his writing vocabulary, and his reading vocabulary. A persons reading vocabulary is usually biggest, and his speaking vocabulary __7__.
    Many people have studied vocabularies. There are lists of the commonest 500 words, 1,000 words, 2,000 words, and so on. A person could get on surprisingly well with the 1,000 commonest words.
    But no one wants to get along __8__ the smallest vocabulary that will do. He can get his ideas across better if he has a good vocabulary. And he can have __9__ more fun from reading. Many people set out to make their vocabularies bigger. A good way is to __10__ in the dictionary any new words one comes across. Another is to make a point of using new words.                     
1.A. words   B. phrases   C. expressions   D. sentences
1. 选A
2.A. such    B. as         C. that          D. this
2. 选A
3.A. among   B. from      C. both          D. between
3. 选D
4.A. and    B. or    C. to     D. with
4. 选B
5.A. in      B. at    C. to     D. on
5. 选A
6.A. following    B. three   C. all      D. different
6. 选B
7.A. big          B. bigger  C. small   D. smallest
7. 选D
8.A. /  B. with   C. on      D. in
8. 选B
9.A. few  B. little   C. much   D. further
9. 选C
10.A. look for   B. look out   C. look up   D. look at
10. 选C
涉及到上下文的有5道,涉及到语法的有3道  
 

Passage 12

    Most dictionaries will tell you a number of __1__ about a language. There are three things in particular that __2__ important. These three things are spelling, pronunciation, and meanings.
    The first and most obvious thing is that a dictionary will __3__ you the spelling of a word. If youre not sure about the spelling of a word, you can try to find the correct spelling in a dictionary. Words are listed in alphabetical order-a, b, c, and so on. For example, on a dictionary page the word "poor" - p, o, o, r - comes before "poverty" - p, o, v, e, r, t, y and the word "poverty" comes __4__ the word "power" - p, o, w, e, r. The words are always given in alphabetical order.
    The second thing a dictionary will tell you is __5__. Most dictionaries give the pronunciation of a word in a special kind of alphabet. This special alphabet is called a phonetic, or sound alphabet. The phonetic spelling will tell you generally __6__ a word is pronounced. There are a few different phonetic alphabets. Many dictionaries use the International Phonetic Alphabet to show pronunciation.     The __7__ thing a dictionary will tell you is the meanings of words. You can __8__ a word and find out what it means. Many words have more than one meaning, and a good dictionary will explain all of the words meanings. For example, in English the common word "get" has over 20 different meanings. The meaning, of course,  __9__ the sentence in which the word is used.
    These three things-spelling, pronunciation, and meanings--are some of the important __10__ that you learn from dictionaries.              
1.  A. thing          B. people        C. things           D. books
1. 选C
2.  A. is             B. were          C. was             D. are
2. 选D 3.  A. say          B. tell            C. give              D. speak
3. 选B
4.  A. before  B. after   C. in front of    D. behind
in front of(方位的前面:eg. in front of the building)
4. 选D
5.  A. pronunciation  B. intonation(语调)   C. spelling  D. meanings
5. 选A
6.  A. what           B. which             C. where   D. how
6. 选D
7.  A. first         B. second       C. third       D. the last
7. 选C
8.  A. look at      B. find    C. see         D. look up
look up(look up the word in the dictionary)
8. 选D
9.  A. depend   B. depends on   C. depend on   D. is depending
9. 选B
10. A. facade    B. facts             C. faces           D. fact
facade(外表,尤指虚伪的eg. a facade of indifference 假装冷漠)
10. 选B
涉及到上下文的有6道,涉及到语法的有2道
 

Passage 13

    Cars are __1__ important part of life in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And even if a person is poor he doesnt feel really poor when he has a car.
    Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large __2__. He probably didnt know how much the car was going to __3__ American culture. The car made the United States a nation on wheels. And it helped make the United States what it is today.
    There are three main reasons the car __4__ so popular in the United States. First of all, the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides __5__ comfortable and cheapest form of all the means of transportation. With a car people can go to any place without spending a lot of money.
    The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States has never really __6__ an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the United States as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air service __7__ by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently.
    The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is __8__ really made cars popular. Americans dont like to wait for a bus, or a train or even a plane. They dont like to have to __9__ an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is __10__ that Americans want most to have.
 
1.  A. the       B. an        C. a           D. not
1. 选B
number  (1) 号码、数字 eg. My telephone number is 622998.
  (2) 数量、数额,可用单数或复数形式,主语前有形容词时,动词用复数。
   Eg. A large number of people have applied.很多人都申请了。
         The enemy won by force of numbers.敌人以人多获胜。
      The number of the people going abroad is increasing.
amount of sth.与不可数名词连用。
(1)总额、总数   eg. Can you really afford this amount?
 (2 ) 大量的工作、钱、家具eg. Food was provided in varying amounts. 食物供应多少不等。
本题:英语可说in a large number, in a big amount, in large numbers, in large amounts.
2.  A. number   B. amount   C. numbers    D. members
2. 选C
affect  为动词,表示影响。
effect  为名词,表示"作用、效果"。
3.  A. affects  B. effect    C. affected   D. affect
3. 选D
become  表示某一点的动作,通过上下文判断这一动作以结束,所以用became
4.  A. became    B. started  C. becomes  D. grow
4. 选A
5.  A. the more  B. better   C. the most  D. fastest
5. 选C
6.  A. developing  B. developed  C. development  D. develop
6. 选B
7.  A. provided    B. supply      C. offer         D. providing
7. 选A
8.  A. which    B. that         C. what           D. where
8. 选C
9.  A. go       B. act          C. follow          D. carry out
follow只能与schedule搭配。follow 有"遵守"的意思。
carry out 的意思为"实行","执行"。carry out常与policy, reform, plan, project等连用。
eg. The construction team was asked to follow the blueprint strictly in order to carry out the project smoothly. 
9. 选
10.  A. freedom B. democracy   C. the freedom   D. the democracy
10. 选C
涉及到上下文的有1道,涉及到语法的有6道
 

Passage 14

    What is the biggest city in the world? That is, __1__ city has the largest population? This seems like __2__ question to answer, but actually it isnt.
    Its actually rather difficult to say which cities __3__ the largest. There are two reasons for this difficulty. First of all, it isnt easy to determine a citys boundaries, that is, where a city ends. Nowadays, nearly all cities have a large __4__ area around them. So when we talk about the population of a city, we often mean the population of the whole metropolitan area around the city. That means that its difficult to determine what the population of a city is because its difficult to define what a city is.
    The second reason that it is difficult to __5__ the population of different cities is this: it is almost impossible to get __6__ about the population of all cities for the same year. For example, we might get an estimate of New Yorks population in 1979 and an __7__ of Mexico Citys population in 1981. So we really cant compare the numbers because the information is for __8__ different years. And the population of cities changes rather quickly, especially in some cases. For example, the population of Beijing, China may increase by 5% each year, so the population figure will change rather quickly.
    So we can say that these are our two __9__ for comparing the populations of cities: one, its difficult to determine the __10__ of a city, and two, it is difficult to get accurate information.
 
1.  A. what       B. which           C. where   D. how
1. 选B
2.  A. a difficult  B. a troublesome  C. easy    D. an easy
2. 选D
3.  A. are     B. were    C. is          D. was
3. 选A
4.  A. city    B. urban    C. suburban   D. countryside
countryside: 乡村、农村
The English countryside looks at its best in spring.
4. 选
5.  A. compile       B. compare    C. conduct     D. conclusion
compile  收集、编辑
The police have compiled a list of suspects.
conduct  领导、控制
I asked the attendant to conduct him to the door.
5. 选B
6.  A. informations  B. knowledge  C. background  D. information
information  是不可数名词。
6. 选D
7.  A. estimated    B. count  C. calculate   D. estimate
7. 选D
8.  A. one          B. two    C. three       D. four
8. 选B
9.  A. questions     B. answers   C. solutions  D. problems
question和problem的中文意思均为"问题",但question指需要对方回答的问题,如:
My question is what language is spoken in Spain.
problem指需要解决的问题。如:
It will be a big problem if you are always satisfied with what you have got.
9. 选D
10.  A. limits         B. end         C. limit       D. edge
limit: 表示界限、界线时,常用复数。如:
within the city limits在该城范围内
end: 末端、尽头。如:
the end of a road 路的终点
the house at the end of the street在街道尽头的房子
edge: 边缘。如:
He fell off the edge of the cliff.他从悬崖边上摔下来了。
(fall-fell-fallen)
10. 选A
涉及到上下文的有6道,语法的有1道
 

Passage 15

    There have been many great __1__. The first great invention was one that is still very important today--the wheel. This made it easier to carry __2__ things and to travel long distances.
    In the early 1800s the world __3__ to change. There was little unknown land left in the world. People did not have to explore much any more. They began to work instead to make life better.
In the second half of the 19th century many great inventions were made. Among them were the camera, the electric light and the radio. These all became a big part __4__ our life today.
    The first part of the 20th century saw more great inventions: the helicopter in 1909, movies with sound in 1926, the computer in 1928, and jet planes in 1930. This was also a time __5__ a new material was first made. Nylon came out in 1935. It changed the kind of clothes people wore.
    The middle part of the 20th century brought new ways to help people __6__ disease. They worked very well. They made people healthier and let them live __7__ lives. By the 1960s most people could expect to live to be at least 60.
    By this time most people had a very good life. Of course new inventions continued to be made. Man began __8__ ways to go into space. Russia made the first step. Then the United States took a step. Since then other countries, including China and Japan, have made their steps into space.
    In 1969 man took his biggest step away from earth. Americans first walked on the moon. This is certainly just a __9__ though. New inventions will someday allow us to do things we have never yet __10__.
 
1.  A. discoveries    B. creations   C. invention  D. inventions
1. 选D
2.  A. heavy          B. light       C. clumsy     D. smart
此题为逻辑思维题。本题有easier, carry, 表明"携带┄┄更方便",经过推理,heavy 最合适。
clumsy  (指工具、家具等)难用的,难移动的,设计欠佳的。
eg. Its not easy walking in these clumsy shoes.
穿着这双笨重的鞋走路真难受。
2. 选A
3.  A. begin   B. open  C. started  D. start
3. 选C
be/become a part of sth.
4.  A. in      B. for    C. to        D. of
4. 选D
time在定语从句中做时间状语
这个定语从句所修饰的先行词是time
5.  A. while   B. when  C. where    D. at
while 和 when 的区别在于while常与进行时态的动词连用,when常与一般时态的动词连用。
eg. He fell asleep while (he was) doing his homework.
  I always remember the time when we spent in New York last year.
5. 选B
6.  A. over    B. come     C. get over  D. get back
get over sth.  克服、战胜、掌握
6. 选C
7.  A. longer  B. shorter    C. long      D. short
go by  (1) (时间)过去、消逝eg. The weeks went slowly by. 一星期一星期慢慢过去了。
(2 ) go by sth.  遵照或依照某事物eg. Thats a good rule to go by.那是要遵守的好规则。
7. 选A
8.  A. going by  B. liking    C. looking for   D. studying
8. 选C
9.  A. begin     B. beginning   C. began         D. starting
starting的错误是因为 start本身是名词。
例如:We wont finish the job today but well have made a good start.这工作我们今天是做不完的,但可以开个好头。
9. 选
10. A. dreamed  B. dreaming   C. to dream of   D. dreamed of
dream of/about doing sth.  想象、幻想,或梦想某事物。
eg. He dreams of one day becoming a famous violinist.
    他梦想有朝一日成为著名的小提琴家。
10. 选D
涉及到上下文的有2道,涉及到语法的有3道
 

Passage 16

    Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. If a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be with the __1__ in the reading even if they dont discuss it in class or take an examination. The ideal student is considered to be __2__ who is motivated (激发) to learn for the sake of __3__, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned with brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is responsible for learning the material assigned.
    When research is __4__ , the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance. It is the students responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain __5__ a university library works; they expect students, particularly graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference sources in the library. Professors will help students who need it , but __6__ that their students should not be too dependent on them.
    In the United States professors have many other duties __7__ teaching, such as administrative or research work. __8__, the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is limited. If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either __9__ a professor during office hours __10__ make an appointment.
 
1.  A. suggestion  B. context     C. abstract    D. information
1. 选D
2.  A. such        B. one          C. any         D. some
2. 选B
for the sake of  为┄┄好处、出于┄┄之兴趣
3.  A. fun       B. work         C. learning     D. prize
3. 选C
4.  A. collected  B. distributed   C. assigned    D. finished
4. 选C
assign  分配任务、工作给某人
eg. The teacher has assigned each of us a holiday task.
distribute  分发、分配某事物,把┄┄分发给
5.  A. when   B. what    C. why   D. how
5. 选D
graduate  在英式英语中是本科生,研究生为postgraduate students
         在美式英语中graduate students指的是研究生,
                      undergraduate students指本科生。
6.  A. hate    B. dislike   C. like    D. prefer
like, hate, dislike都不能跟宾语从句。
prefer  比较喜欢、宁愿,可跟宾语从句。
be dependent on sb.  依靠某人
to be independent  独立的
Prefer doing to doing
eg. I prefer walking to cycling.
7.  A. but       B. except      C. with          D. besides
but/ except  eg. Isnt there anything but/ except mountains?
7. 选D
8.  A. However  B. Therefore  C. Furthermore  D. Nevertheless
therefore  因此
furthermore  此外,而且
nevertheless  然而
8. 选B
9.  A. greet  B. annoy    C. approach    D. attach
approach  接近
eg. As you approach the town the first building you see is the church.接近那座城市的时候,首先看到的是教堂。
attach  依附某人 
9. 选C
10. A. or      B. and      C. to           D. but
10. 选A
涉及到上下文的有3道
 

Passage 17

    In the past, man didnt have to think about the protection of his environment. There were few people on the earth, and natural resources seemed to be unlimited.
    Today things are __1__. The world has become too crowded. We are using up our natural resources too quickly, and at the same time we are __2__ our environment with dangerous chemicals. If we continue to do this, human life on the earth will not survive.
    Everyone realizes today that if too many fish are taken from the sea, there will soon be none left. Yet, with modern fishing __3__ more and more fish are caught. We know that if too many trees are cut down, __4__ will disappear and nothing will grow on the land. Yet, we __5__ to use bigger and more powerful machines to __6__ more and more trees.
   We realize that if rivers are polluted with waste products from factories, we will die. __7__, in most countries wastes are still put into rivers or into the sea, and there are __8__ laws to stop this.
    We know, too, that if the __9__ of the world continues to rise at the present rate, in a few years, there will not be enough food. What can we do to solve these problems?
    If we eat more vegetables and less meat, there will be more food available for anyone. Land that is used to grow crops __10__ five times more people than land where animals are kept.
    Our natural resources will use longer if we learn to recycle them. The world population will not rise so quickly if people use modern methods of birth control.
    Finally, if we educate people to think about the problems, we shall have a better and cleaner earth in the future.
1.  A. common     B. the same  C. changeable  D. different
1. 选D
use sth. up  用尽(材料等)
eg. Ive used up all the glue.  我把胶水全用光了。
eg. She used up the chicken bones to make soup.
2.  A. protecting  B. saving     C. polluting     D. fighting
2. 选C
with  随着 
eg. Skill comes with experience. 经验越多,技巧越熟练。
eg. Good wine will improve with age. 佳酿越陈越醇。
3.  A. poles      B. boats     C. methods  D. ideas
3. 选C
4.  A. mountains  B. the sea  C. trees     D. forests
4. 选D
5.  A. continue   B. have   C. ought    D. stop
5. 选A
6.  A. grow      B. plant   C. save     D. cut down
6. 选D
7. A. Thus      B. However   C. Generally speaking  D. Therefore
7. 选B
8. A. too many  B. a few      C. some               D. few
8. 选D
9.  A. production   B. pollution   C. population   D. revolution
9. 选C
available  (指物)可用的或可得到的
eg. Tickets are available at the box office. 票房有票。
  You will be informed when the book becomes available.
  这本书有货时就通知你。
10. A. feeds   B. increases   C. supplies   D. helps
10. 选A
涉及到上下文的有2道
 

Passage 18

    If you were shopping __1__ a record, a sweater, and a birthday gift for a friend, would you want to go from store to store or would you rather buy everything in one place __2__ you could?
    A department store __3__ for sale, under one roof, almost anything you would want to buy. This kind of store saves people trouble and time. They do not have to visit many different stores to buy __4__ they want. Since department stores need great __5__ of customers to do enough business to make a profit (赢利), they are usually found in cities with large populations.
    Not all department stores are exactly the same. Some meet the needs of rich people and __6__ mostly expensive products of the best quality. __7__ depend on people with less money for their business and __8__ expensive goods.
    Department store sell thousands of different kinds of things, __9__ some offer a more complete selection __10__ others.
shop for sth.  通常go shopping for sth.  去买东西、购买
eg. Im shopping for Christmas presents.
1.  A. on       B. in       C. for      D. to
1. 选C
2.  A. until     B. if       C. unless   D. before
2. 选B
3.  A. offers   B. looks   C. works   D. plans
for sale  待售
eg. She has put her house up for sale.  她的房子现在出售。
on sale  (尤指商店等的货物)出售、上市
The new model is not on sale in the shops. 这种新款式商店尚未上市
3. 选A
4.  A. when   B. what      C. which   D. where
4. 选B
a great deal of + 不可数名词
a large amount of + 不可数名词
a number of + 可数名词
可说 a large crowd
5.  A. crowd  B. numbers   C. deal    D. amount
5. 选B
carry  (指商店)出售(某物),有货
Im sorry, this shop doesnt carry cigarettes.对不起,本店不卖香烟。
6.  A. give    B. buy   C. lay     D. carry
6. 选D
7.  A. Few    B. All    C. Many   D. Others
7. 选D
8.  A. little    B. less  C. much   D. more
8. 选B
9. A. but    B. as     C. since   D. for
9. 选A
10. A. than   B. from   C. to      D. for
10. 选A
涉及到上下文的和语法的各1道,其他的要根据文章的意思推断
 

Passage 19

    Mr. Steward was a rich industrialist, but he was not __1__ with his life. He didnt sleep well and his food didnt agree with him. The situation lasted for some time. At last, after a __2__ of sleepless nights, he decided to see his doctor. The doctor advised a change of surroundings. "Go abroad," he said. "But Im not good at foreign languages" said Mr. Steward. "It doesnt matter, " said the doctor. "It wont hurt you to talk a little less. Start on a long journey by sea. Try to __3__ your weight. Avoid rich food." Mr. Steward went to Sweden.
    He didnt know French or German, and had to communicate through gestures (手势). He attended a physical training course. The teacher made him move his arms and shake his head fully. He had to lie on the ground and __4__ his right and left legs alternately. After a time his muscles grew hard and firm. He almost put aside his financial worries and almost forgot the importance of __5__ more money. He even began to __6__ trees and birds. He ate and slept well. __7__ he returned home. But unfortunately his improvement was __8__ soon he was worried about his __9__, his profits, his savings, his success in a __10__ society, and things in general.
 
1.  A. good    B. interested   C. satisfied   D. healthy
1. 选C
agree with sb.  尤用于否定句中或疑问句(对某人的健康或胃口)适合。
eg. The humid climate didnt agree with him. 那潮湿的气候对他不合适
I like mushrooms but unfortunately they dont agree with me.
series  一系列事物 eg. a series of good harvests 接连的丰收
a number of  一些
2.  A. series   B. course      C. number     D. few
few adj.  (通常作定语) 与复数可数名词和动词复数形式连用
2. 选C
3.  A. lighten  B. deduce      C. minus       D. reduce
lighten  (使某物)变轻 eg. lighten a burden
deduce  推断
minus  减法
reduce  减去
3. 选D
4.  A. rise       B. raise      C. remove   D. extend
rise  vi.
raise\ vt.
extend  伸长、延长
4. 选B
5.  A. creating  B. producing  C. making    D. taking
create  创造
make  赚得、获得、取得
eg. She makes $15,000 a year. 她一年挣1万5千美圆。
He made a fortune by the stock market. 他在股票交易中发了财。
5. 选C
6.  A. see     B. notice   C. glance        D. consider
6. 选B
7.  A. Luckily  B. Finally   C. Reluctantly   D. Pleasantly
Reluctantly  不情愿的
7. 选B
8. A. gradual    B. temporary   C. great      D. slight
8. 选B
9. A. property  B. health        C. food       D. fancy
9. 选A
10. A. struggling B. business     C. miserable   D. competitive
business  n.   commercial  adj.
10. 选D

Passage 20

    About a hundred years ago, a baby tiger was found in a wild forest in India. At that time, a ship was just getting ready to sail for England and so it was decided that he should __1__ to London.
    In those days there were no steamships, and it took many __2__ for a ship to sail from India to England. The Little tiger soon __3__ himself at home on board the ship and he was liked by everyone.
    He was not __4__ to do any harm, and so he was allowed to run __5__ as he wished. He was always ready for a game with anyone who had time to play. He slept with the sailors. He took his food __6__ their hands. He raced with them on the deck.
    He was very fond of meat, and now and then he would steal a piece from the cooks room. One day a cook __7__ him, just as he __8__ a piece of meat, and gave him a good beating. But after that he was __9__ friendly to the cook as to anyone __10__.
 
1.  A. go      B. sail     C. be sent   D. be passed
1. 选C
2.  A. months B. goods  C. time       D. times
2. 选A
3.  A. got     B. kept   C. made       D. took
made 常见的用法:make oneself at home
3. 选C
4.  A. glad     B. willing     C. eager      D. large enough
4. 选D
5.  A. across  B. about     C. back       D. out
run across  偶然碰见
5. 选B
6.  A. on       B. from      C. of         D. within
6. 选B
race with/ against sb.  参加速度竞赛
eg. The lorries were racing against each other.
    一辆辆的卡车在争先恐后地行使。
be fond of  喜欢
7.  A. caught   B. realized    C. invited      D. had seen
7. 选A
8.  A. ate      B. had eaten  C. had stolen  D. was stealing
8. 选D
9.  A. such     B. that        C. as          D. so
9. 选C
10.  A. else      B. as well     C. too         D. either
10. 选A
 

Passage 21

   A language is a signalling system which operates with symbolic vocal sounds, and which is used by a group of people for the purpose of communication.
    Let us look at this definition __1__ more detail because it is language, more __2__ anything else, that distinguishes man from the vest of the animal world.
    Other animals communicate __3__ one another by means of cries: for example, many birds utter warning calls at the approach of danger; apes utter different __4__, such as expressions of danger, fear and pleasure. But these various means of communication differ in important ways from human language. For instance, animals cries are not articulate. This means, basically, that they lack structure. They lack, for example, the kind of structure __5__ by the contrast between vowels and consonants. They also lack the kind of structure that __6__ us to divide a human utterance into words.
    We can change an utterance __7__ replacing one word in it by another: a good illustration of this is a soldier __8__ can say, e.g. , "tanks approaching from the north", or he can change one word and say "aircraft __9__ from the north" or "tanks approaching from the west"; but a bird has a single alarm cry, which __10__ "danger!"
文章第一句话,主题句
signalling 信号 
vocal  嗓音的
symbolic  象征的
communication  交流
operate  起作用、发生影响。
eg. The new law operates to our advantage. 新法规对我们有利。
   The system operates in five countries.有五个国家实施这种体制。
1.  A. in      B. at   C. or    D. or
1. 选A
2.  A. than   B. to   C. if     D. and
2. 选A
3.  A. from  B. with  C. however  D. otherwise
3. 选B
by means of sth.  (正式文多用)用某种方法、借助于某事物。
eg. lift the load by means of a crane. 用起重机把重物吊起。
4.  A. danger   B. fear   C. cries   D. shouting
4. 选C
shouting, shout本身就可以是名词,意思为欢叫,惊叫。
differ  是动词,名词为difference, 形容词为different。     
5.  A. give   B. given   C. giving   D. to give
5. 选B    
6.  A. enable  B. enables  C. enabled  D. having enable
6. 选B    
7. A. at         B. over         C. with       D. by
7. 选D    
8. A. which      B. that         C. whom      D. when
8. 选B    
9. A. approach  B. approaching  C. approve   D. approving
9. 选B    
10. A. sings      B. speaks       C. points     D. means
10. 选D    
涉及到语法的有4道,涉及到上下文的有2道  
 

Passage 22

    When Americans meet their friends, they often start their conversations with a greeting and may then ask about their friends, families, and jobs. Most of __1__ the conversation is optimistic (乐观的). Even conversations about __2__ events such as serious illness, family problems or __3__ usually end up in a hopeful way. People discuss special family events __4__ marriages, births, graduations, new jobs and new homes. One friend will usually wish the other good luck or __5__ congratulations. If the news is unhappy, he or she will __6__ sympathy and then add a hopeful comment.
   There are special rules about the discussion of money. Friends like to __7__ good news like a job promotion (升职) or buying a new house, car or furniture. But they seldom discuss the __8__ of money they got or __9__. A friend __10__ tell you how much an item (一件东西) cost but it is not polite to ask, "How much was it? "
1. A. the time       B. time          C. hours          D. while         
1. 选A 
2. A. ill          B. sad           C. happy          D. badly              
badly adv.  不好的、坏的
2. 选B 
3. A. death       B. dead         C. deaths         D. dying               
death  做死亡讲的时候是可数名词。
eg. There have been more deaths from drowning.
   A bad driver was responsible for their deaths.
death 做生命的终止、死亡的状态讲的时候是不可数名词。
eg. Food poisoning can cause death. 食物中毒可导致死亡。
   Youre drinking yourself to death. 你这样喝酒,非喝死不可。
3. 选C
end up  到达或来到某处,达到某状态或采取某行动。
eg. If you continue to steal youll end up in prison.
At first he refused to accept any responsibility but he ended up apologizing.
If he carries on driving like that, hell end up dead.
4. A. as          B. example          C. likely          D. such as                
likely adj.  (likelier, likeliest)
be likely to do sth./that…  预期的、 可能的
eg. It isnt likely to rain. 不大像要下雨。
eg. She is very likely to ring me tonight. (也可以说 Its very likely that shell ring me tonight.)
4. 选D
5. A. offer       B. warn      C. support      D. afford              
offer  给予
eg. The job offers prospects of promotion. 这份工作有晋升的机会。
afford  (不用于被动语态)通常与can, could或be able to连用。为(某目的)有足够的钱、时间、地点等。
eg. They walked because they couldnt afford a taxi.
eg. Id love to go on holiday but I cant afford the time.
5. 选A
6. A. play      B. express     C. speak       D. prepare                
6. 选B
7. A. buy        B. write        C. share           D. divide
divide  分开
7. 选C
8. A. score      B. number      C. quantity        D. amount
score  分数
8. 选D
9. A. enjoy      B. spend        C. cost           D. print
9. 选B
10. A. must       B. need        C. should          D. might 
10. 选D
做好完型填空,掌握相应的词汇量也是必需的。
 

总 结

重要方法:
1. 考试时要保证15分钟时间;
2. 首先通读一遍文章;
3. 上下文和语法知识。
 
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